• The Spy That Started Café Culture

    The Spy That Started Café Culture

    Jerzy Franciszek Kulczycki (a.k.a. Georg Franz Kolschitzky) – a Polish nobleman, born in the town of Sambor in today’s Ukraine – led a rather eventful life as a soldier and spy. In an article, Jerzy S. Kulczycki, a Polish historian and also a relative of Jerzy Franciszek, writes: He graduated from the Sambor parish school but doesn’t figure among those inheriting family estates, as he became a military man. It’s quite possible that he served under Jan Sobieski, the prospective king […]. He participated in Polish military interventions in Bukovina and Moldavia […]. At the time J. F. Kulczycki was...

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  • Mystery bird: Scarlett Ibis

    Mystery bird: Scarlett Ibis

    Scarlet ibis, Eudocimus ruber (formerly, Guara rubra; protonym, Scolopax rubra), also known locally as the gaurá, photographed at Belém, at the mouth of the Amazon, Brazil.   Question: How does this elegant Brasilian mystery bird get its intense plumage colour and what is its purpose? This species also has black wingtips; what might be the evolutionary reason for that? Is this species monochromatic? Can you identify this species? Response: This is a scarlet ibis, Eudocimus ruber. These elegant birds are monochromatic, meaning that males and females are equally colourful. (Males are somewhat larger than females.) Scarlet ibises consume a diet...

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